Phonics is a method of teaching children to read, in which students learn the different sounds that letters of the alphabet make. At Upton Priory School, Reading is taught from Pre-school to the beginning of Year 2 through systematic synthetic Phonics alongside Guided Reading.
During Pre-school, children are taught Phase 1 of the Letters and Sounds programme, which concentrates on speaking and listening skills such as rhyme, alliteration and initial sounds in words, leading to children orally blending (putting sounds together to form words) and segmenting sounds (breaking words into their sounds).
Every child in Reception and Year 1 participates in a daily 20 minute phonics session. At Upton Priory School, we use many of the resources from the Read Write Inc. scheme of learning. When children start Reception, they begin to learn about the sounds that are associated with different letters. They continue to do this until they reach the end of Year 1. Each day, the children learn a new sound and practice rapid naming of sounds, blending and segmenting and reading/ writing words with the sound in.
During the summer term in Year 1, children sit the Phonics Screening Check. This is a statutory assessment which is carried out in all schools across the country. It consists of children reading 40 words containing the sounds they have read. 20 of the words are real words and 20 are pseudo words (not real).
Once children reach Year 2, they begin spelling lessons. During these sessions they develop their understanding of spelling rules and their exceptions.
From Reception to Year 2, Phonics or Selling homework is set weekly to allow children to continue practising the sounds and spelling rules they have been learning during the week.
If you are more interested in learning about Phonics to support your children at home, please see the links below:
How to pronounce sounds accurately: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCI2mu7URBc